Dog training vocabulary


We are often asked what words to use to educate or train your dog. Indeed, for lack of result and mutual understanding, teachers sometimes imagine that this is due to the use of the wrong vocabulary.


What words to use to train a dog?

There is no compulsory canine vocabulary. At Canibest we are used to working with people of all nationalities who each want to use their own language. So we sometimes work in English, German, Russian, Dutch, Chinese .... We adapt. It is the same for the dog who will adapt to your speech, to your language.


So you can use the words you want and the language you prefer. It is nevertheless true that languages ​​with short or so-called guttural sounds (German, Russian, Danish) are more effective than singing and long languages ​​such as Italian or Spanish. The shorter the word, the more noticeable it will be for the dog.


For the order "Sit", the English word "Sit" will be more effective because it consists of only one syllable.

For the order "Down", the word "Down" will also be shorter

For the command "Stay", or "No move", it will be more efficient with "Stay"

For the order "At the foot", the word "Come" will be more effective

On the other hand, it is important that you are consistent in the vocabulary you have chosen to use (1 order = 1 word). There is no question that each person in the family has their preferences. You risk sowing doubt in the dog's mind and limiting the results of the training.


What tone to use with a dog?

The most important thing is not what word you use but how you express it. Unable to speak, and expressing themselves by modulation of moaning or grunts, dogs are very sensitive to sounds and rhythm.


You must therefore adapt your tone according to the feeling you want to convey to the dog.


A short, dry tone will mean disapproval: "NO!"


A softer tone, longer words will express contentment: "Gooooood Boy!"


You should never yell and never get angry. Don't worry, the dog can hear you very well with his big ears. If you have to express the dissatisfaction, big black eyes pointed towards him will be enough to get him the message. An individual who lost his temper would be identified as an individual who loses control of the situation and therefore a bad leader.


Tongue sounds, finger snaps:

Some dogs are more sensitive to these sounds than to our human vocabulary. You can associate a snap of your fingers or a small sound of the mouth with each of your commands to reinforce them.


You can use an ultrasonic whistle or even the clicker training technique.


What gestures should be used to train a dog?

The best is to associate each order with a gesture, so you can talk to your animal without necessarily having to talk to him, which is very useful and quite reassuring for your neighbors. They will appreciate seeing your 40 kg mastiff so obedient and therefore not presenting a priori risk for their children.


Gestures are also easier to teach children than tone modulation. If in doubt, the dog will understand better.


You can also choose the gestures that you like and each of our dog trainers has their preferences and habits.